Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number A hard and brittle crystalline solid with a blue-gray metallic luster, it is a tetravalent metalloid. It is a member of group 14 in the periodic table, along with carbon above it and germanium, tin, lead, and flerovium below.
It is rather unreactive, though less so than germanium, and has great chemical affinity for oxygen; as such, it visit web page first prepared and characterized in pure form only in by J? Silicon is the eighth most common element in the universe by mass, but very rarely occurs as the pure element in the Earth's crust.
It is most widely distributed in dusts, sands, planetoids, and planets as various forms of silicon dioxide silica or silicates. The outer electron orbital of silicon, like that of carbon, has four valence electrons.
The 1s, 2s, 2p and 3s subshells are completely filled while the 3p subshell contains two electrons out of a possible six. Silicon is a semiconductor.
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The electrical resistance of single crystal silicon significantly changes under the application of mechanical stress due to the piezoresistive effect. Because silicon is an important element in high-technology semiconductor devices, many places in no deposit bonus van 500 roebel een casino Ruby Fortune world bear its name. For example, Santa Clara Valley in California acquired the nickname Silicon Valley since the element is the base material used in the semiconductor industry located there.
Other locations have been nicknamed for similar reasons, including Silicon Forest in Oregon, Silicon Hills no deposit bonus van 500 roebel een casino Ruby Fortune Austin, Texas, Silicon Slopes in Salt Lake City, Utah, Silicon Saxony in Germany, Silicon Valley in India, Silicon Border in Mexicali, Mexico, Silicon Fen in Cambridge, England, Silicon Roundabout in London, Silicon Glen in Scotland, and Silicon Gorge in Bristol, England.
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